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Chinese Character - Q - Queen Chinese Characters for Queen a woman sovereign To download the large images of the "Chinese Characters for Queen" in six different Chinese scripts , please order the word or phrase below.
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Each character has a set number of brushstrokes; none must be added or taken away from the character to enhance it visually, lest the meaning be lost.
Finally, strict regularity is not required, meaning the strokes may be accentuated for dramatic effect of individual style. Calligraphy was the means by which scholars could mark their thoughts and teachings for immortality, and as such, represent some of the most precious treasures that can be found from ancient China.
Ming and sans-serif are the most popular in body text and are based on regular script for Chinese characters akin to Western serif and sans-serif typefaces, respectively.
Regular script typefaces emulate regular script. The names of these styles come from the Song and Ming dynasties, when block printing flourished in China.
Regular script typefaces are also commonly used, but not as common as Ming or sans-serif typefaces for body text. Regular script typefaces are often used to teach students Chinese characters, and often aim to match the standard forms of the region where they are meant to be used.
Most typefaces in the Song dynasty were regular script typefaces which resembled a particular person's handwriting e. Just as Roman letters have a characteristic shape lower-case letters mostly occupying the x-height , with ascenders or descenders on some letters , Chinese characters occupy a more or less square area in which the components of every character are written to fit in order to maintain a uniform size and shape, especially with small printed characters in Ming and sans-serif styles.
Despite standardization, some nonstandard forms are commonly used, especially in handwriting. In older sources, even authoritative ones, variant characters are commonplace.
For example, in the preface to the Imperial Dictionary , there are 30 variant characters which are not found in the dictionary itself. The nature of Chinese characters makes it very easy to produce allographs variants for many characters, and there have been many efforts at orthographical standardization throughout history.
In recent times, the widespread usage of the characters in several nations has prevented any particular system becoming universally adopted and the standard form of many Chinese characters thus varies in different regions.
Mainland China adopted simplified Chinese characters in They are also used in Singapore and Malaysia.
Traditional Chinese characters are used in Hong Kong , Macau and Taiwan. Postwar Japan has used its own less drastically simplified characters, Shinjitai , since , while South Korea has limited its use of Chinese characters, and Vietnam and North Korea have completely abolished their use in favour of Vietnamese alphabet and Hangul , respectively.
In addition to strictness in character size and shape, Chinese characters are written with very precise rules.
The most important rules regard the strokes employed, stroke placement, and stroke order. Just as each region that uses Chinese characters has standardized character forms, each also has standardized stroke orders, with each standard being different.
Most characters can be written with just one correct stroke order, though some words also have many valid stroke orders, which may occasionally result in different stroke counts.
Some characters are also written with different stroke orders due to character simplification. Chinese characters are primarily morphosyllabic , meaning that most Chinese morphemes are monosyllabic and are written with a single character, though in modern Chinese most words are disyllabic and dimorphemic, consisting of two syllables, each of which is a morpheme.
However, a few morphemes are disyllabic, some of them dating back to Classical Chinese. They are usually written with a pair of phono-semantic compound characters sharing a common radical.
Neither exists as an independent morpheme except as a poetic abbreviation of the disyllabic word. In certain cases compound words and set phrases may be contracted into single characters.
These do see use, particularly in handwriting or decoration, but also in some cases in print. Modern examples particularly include Chinese characters for SI units.
These have now fallen out of general use, but are occasionally seen. The use of such contractions is as old as Chinese characters themselves, and they have frequently been found in religious or ritual use.
In most other languages that use the Chinese family of scripts , notably Korean, Vietnamese, and Zhuang, Chinese characters are typically monosyllabic, but in Japanese a single character is generally used to represent a borrowed monosyllabic Chinese morpheme the on'yomi , a polysyllabic native Japanese morpheme the kun'yomi , or even in rare cases a foreign loanword.
These uses are completely standard and unexceptional. Often a character not commonly used a "rare" or "variant" character will appear in a personal or place name in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese see Chinese name , Japanese name , Korean name , and Vietnamese name , respectively.
This has caused problems as many computer encoding systems include only the most common characters and exclude the less often used characters.
This is especially a problem for personal names which often contain rare or classical, antiquated characters.
Newspapers have dealt with this problem in varying ways, including using software to combine two existing, similar characters, including a picture of the personality, or, especially as is the case with Yu Shyi-kun, simply substituting a homophone for the rare character in the hope that the reader would be able to make the correct inference.
Taiwanese political posters, movie posters etc. Japanese newspapers may render such names and words in katakana instead, and it is accepted practice for people to write names for which they are unsure of the correct kanji in katakana instead.
There are also some extremely complex characters which have understandably become rather rare. However, these are not in common use.
In Japanese , an stroke kokuji exists: , normally read taito. The most complex Chinese character still in use may be [ according to whom?
The fact that it represents a syllable that does not exist in any Standard Chinese word means that it could be classified as a dialectal character. Taito , "the appearance of a dragon in flight".
The total number of Chinese characters from past to present remains unknowable because new ones are being developed all the time — for instance, brands may create new characters when none of the existing ones allow for the intended meaning — or they have been invented by whoever wrote them and have never been adopted as official characters.
Chinese characters are theoretically an open set and anyone can create new characters, though such inventions are rarely included in official character sets.
Even the Zhonghua Zihai does not include characters in the Chinese family of scripts created to represent non-Chinese languages, except the unique characters in use in Japan and Korea.
Modified radicals and new variants are two common reasons for the ever-increasing number of characters. There are about radicals and are in common use.
This practice began long before the standardization of Chinese script by Qin Shi Huang and continues to the present day.
Knowing the meanings of the individual characters of a word will often allow the general meaning of the word to be inferred, but this is not always the case.
Studies in China have shown that literate individuals know and use between 3, and 4, characters. Specialists in classical literature or history, who would often encounter characters no longer in use, are estimated to have a working vocabulary of between 5, and 6, characters.
GB , an early version of the national encoding standard used in the People's Republic of China , has 6, code points. GB , the modern, mandatory standard, has a much higher number.
The Chinese Standard Interchange Code CNS —the official national encoding standard—supports 48, characters, while the most widely used encoding scheme, BIG-5 , supports only 13, In general, it is common practice to use standard characters to transcribe Chinese dialects when obvious cognates with words in Standard Mandarin exist.
However, when no obvious cognate could be found for a word, due to factors like irregular sound change or semantic drift in the meanings of characters, or the word originates from a non-Chinese source like a substratum from an earlier displaced language or a later borrowing from another language family, then characters are borrowed and used according to the rebus principle or invented in an ad hoc manner to transcribe it.
These new characters are generally phonosemantic compounds e. Except in the case of Written Cantonese, there is no official orthography, and there may be several ways to write a dialectal word, often one that is etymologically correct and one or several that are based on the current pronunciation e.
Speakers of a dialect will generally recognize a dialectal word if it is transcribed according to phonetic considerations, while the etymologically correct form may be more difficult or impossible to recognize.
The historically "correct" transcription is often so obscure that it is uncovered only after considerable scholarly research into philology and historical phonology and may be disputed by other researchers.
As an exception, Written Cantonese is in widespread use in Hong Kong , even for certain formal documents, due to the former British colonial administration's recognition of Cantonese for use for official purposes.
In Taiwan, there is also a body of semi-official characters used to represent Taiwanese Hokkien and Hakka. Written Standard Mandarin is the preference for all mainland regions.
The list is a recommendation, not a restriction, and many characters missing from it are still in common use.
One area where character usage is officially restricted is in names, which may contain only government-approved characters.
Today, a well-educated Japanese person may know upwards of 3, characters. The highest level of the kanji kentei tests on approximately 6, kanji,   though in practice few people attain or need to attain this level.
New characters can in principle be coined at any time, just as new words can be, but they may not be adopted. Significant historically recent coinages date to scientific terms of the 19th century.
Specifically, Chinese coined new characters for chemical elements — see chemical elements in East Asian languages — which continue to be used and taught in schools in China and Taiwan.
These kokuji Japanese-coinages have found use in China as well — see Chinese characters for SI units for details.
While new characters can be easily coined by writing on paper, they are difficult to represent on a computer — they must generally be represented as a picture, rather than as text — which presents a significant barrier to their use or widespread adoption.
Compare this with the use of symbols as names in 20th century musical albums such as Led Zeppelin IV and Love Symbol Album ; an album cover may potentially contain any graphics, but in writing and other computation these symbols are difficult to use.
Dozens of indexing schemes have been created for arranging Chinese characters in Chinese dictionaries. The great majority of these schemes have appeared in only a single dictionary; only one such system has achieved truly widespread use.
This is the system of radicals see for example, the so-called Kangxi radicals. Chinese character dictionaries often allow users to locate entries in several ways.
Many Chinese, Japanese, and Korean dictionaries of Chinese characters list characters in radical order: characters are grouped together by radical, and radicals containing fewer strokes come before radicals containing more strokes radical-and-stroke sorting.
Under each radical, characters are listed by their total number of strokes. It is often also possible to search for characters by sound, using pinyin in Chinese dictionaries , zhuyin in Taiwanese dictionaries , kana in Japanese dictionaries or hangul in Korean dictionaries.
Most dictionaries also allow searches by total number of strokes, and individual dictionaries often allow other search methods as well. For instance, to look up the character where the sound is not known, e.
This page will have a sub-index giving remainder stroke numbers for the non-radical portions of characters and page numbers. The right half of the character also contains four strokes, so the user locates the number 4, and turns to the page number given.
From there, the user must scan the entries to locate the character he or she is seeking. Some dictionaries have a sub-index which lists every character containing each radical, and if the user knows the number of strokes in the non-radical portion of the character, he or she can locate the correct page directly.
Another dictionary system is the four corner method , where characters are classified according to the shape of each of the four corners.
Most modern Chinese dictionaries and Chinese dictionaries sold to English speakers use the traditional radical-based character index in a section at the front, while the main body of the dictionary arranges the main character entries alphabetically according to their pinyin spelling.
The character's entry will have the character's pronunciation in pinyin written down; the reader then turns to the main dictionary section and looks up the pinyin spelling alphabetically.
This article incorporates text from The Chinese recorder and missionary journal, Volume 3 , a publication from , now in the public domain in the United States.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Chinese Symbols. Logographic writing system used in the Sinosphere region. For the moth known as the "Chinese character", see Cilix glaucata.
If the simplified and traditional characters are the same, they are written only once. Oracle bone script Chinese characters.
Hanzi Chinese character in traditional left and simplified form right. Clerical Regular Semi-cursive Cursive Flat brush. Simplified characters.
Imitation Song Ming Sans-serif. Radicals Classification. Kangxi Dictionary. Xin Zixing. General Standard Chinese Characters PRC. Graphemes of Commonly-used Chinese Characters Hong Kong.
Standard Typefaces for Chinese Characters ROC Taiwan. Standardized Forms of Words with Variant Forms PRC. Simplified characters first round second round.
Differences between Shinjitai and Simplified characters. Main article: Chinese character classification. Structures of compounds, with red marked positions of radicals.
Main article: Neolithic signs in China. Main article: Oracle bone script. Main article: Chinese bronze inscriptions.
See also: Chinese family of scripts. Main article: Kanji. Main article: Hanja. Main article: Okinawan language.
Main article: Transcription into Chinese characters. Main articles: Simplified Chinese character and Japanese script reform. This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. A warning: In Chinese, words are often composed by two Chinese characters , and sometimes by three or more.
This page is not a dictionary. ALL symbols by pinyin. ALL symbols by meaning. Section Two grades of Qing dynasty officials had a pheasant decoration to indicate their rank.
It is one of the twelve Imperial insignia and may represent the Empress. The phoenix is such an important bird in Chinese symbolism that we have a separate section dedicated to this bird.
The phoenix and dragon are often paired, the dragon represents the Emperor and yang ; the phoenix the Empress and yin. In China it was a god of the winds.
The vermillion red phoenix represents the most important of directions - south. In symbolism the dragon and phoenix together represent a married couple.
The phoenix alone is a symbol of joy and peace, it heralds the coming of auspicious days just like the qilin. The quail is a ground nesting bird like the partridge and the pheasant.
Cock quails will fight each other and betting on quail fighting was common in China like like cock-fights elsewhere in the world.
The fighting quality makes them an appropriate symbol for courage and a fighting spirit. They are believed to mate for life and so signify marital loyalty.
Another association is with the hard study of a scholar. Nine quail with chrysanthemums symbolizes a wish for many generations to live long together in peace.
The raven is a large, intelligent, black bird. For some reason it is also the bird in the center of the sun see also crow and cockerel and this raven has three legs.
This celestial raven is a messenger of the Queen mother of the West Xi Wangmu. A creation legend has it that there were ten sun-ravens in the sky creating far too much heat, so the Divine archer Houyi shot down nine of them.
The ancient Zhou dynasty 's emblem was a red raven. The Manchu people fed ravens in the belief that they were the spirits of their ancestors. Like the crow, to hear the croak of a raven is generally unlucky but there are some times of day when it is auspicious.
The swallow is depicted as a character complete with a wing; head; body and tail. The coming of swallows in spring was welcomed and signified good luck for the household.
This may be linked to their amazing nest building skills, they can quickly repair and build a structure just out of mud.
To account for their disappearance in winter, there was a legend that swallows spent the time transformed into mussels by the sea.
A swallow may also signify brotherly affection. Bird's nest soup is made from seaweed and the dried saliva of the sea swallow Hirundo esculenta.
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